main index

P00: frame around

P01: olicognography

P02: addictions


Registers of application docs





Similar user docs



*tobacco detoxification*


Quitting Smoking

Time elapsed


20 minutes

blood pressure drops to normal, pulse rate drops to normal, temperature of hands and feet increase to normal.

8 hours

carbon monoxide level in blood returns to normal, oxygen level in blood returns to normal.

24 hours

the immediate risk of heart attack starts to fall.

48 hours

nerve endings start to regrow, ability to taste and smell enhanced.

14 days

circulation improves, walking becomes easier, lung function increases up to 30%.

1 month

most nicotine withdrawal symptoms disappear.

3 months

lung function improves nagging cough disappears cilia regrow in the lungs (handle mucus), clean themselves and reduce infection.

9 months

risk of pregnancy complications and foetal death reduced to level of non-smoker.

1 year

excess risk of coronary disease half / smoker. No safe point beyond which relapse will not occur. Continues at a slower rate / 1 year abstinence.

5 years

risk of lung cancer decreases by half stroke risk same as non-smokerrisk of mouth, throat and oesophageal cancer half that of a smoker.

10 years

lung cancer death rate same as non-smoker pre-cancerous cells replaced.

15 years

risk of coronary heart disease same as a non-smoker if you smoked xx day, you’ve saved xxx (assuming x per pack of 20

Pharmacotherapy of nicotine replacement therapies


Dose and Duration

Side Effects



< 10 cigs per day

10-20 cigs

per day

More than 20 cigs per day



Nicobate® 14 mg

Nicobate® 21 mg

Transient skin irritation, itching, dreams, sleep

disturbance, indigestion,



• Ischaemic heart disease


• Recent MI

• Serious arrhythmias

• Unstable angina

• Pregnancy



Nicorette® 10 mg 2 mg, 8–12 per day

Nicorette® 15 mg

4 mg, 8–12 per day

Jaw discomfort, nausea,

indigestion, hiccups, excess saliva, sore throat



Nicorette® 6–12 cartridges per day

Not recom-


Mouth and throat irritation, cough, nausea and indigestion

Bupoprion (Zyban)


Dose and Duration

Side Effects

not indicated if

< 10 cigs per day

10-20 cigs

per day

More than 20 cigs

per day


150 mg for 3 days, then 150 mg b.d. for 7 weeks

Headaches, dry mouth, impaired, sleep, seizu-res, nausea, constipation, anxiety, dizziness

seizure disorders or significant risk of seizure, bulimia, anorexia nervosa, bipolar disorders

Rates of success of tobacco detoxification

willing to stop succefull lone ones (France)

with physicien simple counselling (France)

with medium long term support (France)

relapse after prolonged cessation (France)

partners quitting smoking because pregnancy (England)



25% - 30%



Places of use docs