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P01: olicognography

P02: addictions

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Similar user docs

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Tobacco Risks Data

Mean Predicted Probabilities of Ever Smoking by Parental Smoking Status and Temptations to Smoke

Texas minority 2008 A.V. Wilkinson

Prevalence of factors that influence smoking and other smoking-related behaviors

Thailand GYTS, 2005

child reports temptations

Parents smoked

Were exposed to smoke from others at home

47.9

Yes at least one

no

Were exposed to smoke in public places

68.5

no

0.56

0.29

Thought smoking should be banned in public places

91.0

some

0.69

0.32

Had an object with a tobacco brand logo on it

39.3

Spain 2002

Were ever offered free cigarettes by a tobacco company representative

9.0

Age (years)

no de-pendence

non physiol. depend.

physiological dependence

Were not refused purchase because of their age in the month prior to the survey (among students who usually bought cigarettes in a store)

30.8

10-11

20.0

20.0

60.0

Usually bought cigarettes in a store

36.8

12-13

40.0

6.7

53.3

Were taught the dangers of smoking in the year prior to the survey

65.2

14-15

28.4

5.1

66.5

Discussed why people their age use tobacco in the year prior to the survey

29.5

16-17

21.1

4.8

74.1

Were taught about the effects of smoking tobacco such as yellowed teeth, wrinkled skin, and odor

60.7

criterion

DSM-IV criteria for adolescents and young smokers

% Spain 2002

Definition of criterion

0

1.8

Tolerance: a) a need for markedly increased amounts of the substance to achieve intoxication or designed effect, or b) markedly diminished effect with continued use of the same amount of the substance

1

7.5

Withdrawal: a) characteristic of withdrawal Sd, or b) the same (or a closely related) substance is taken to relieve or avoid withdrawal symptoms (4 or more of the following: depressed or dysphoric mood; insomnia; irritability, frustration or anger; anxiety; difficulty concentrating; worry or impatience; decreased heart rate, increased appetite or weight gain)

2

14.4

The substance is often taken in larger amounts or over a longer period than was intended.

3

20.1

There is a persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control substance use.

4

20.9

A great deal of time is spent in activities necessary to obtain, use substance or recover from its effects.

5

15.2

Important social, occupational or recreational activities are given up or reduced because of substance use.

6

10.1

The substance use is continued despite knowledge of having a persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problem

7

4.3

With physiological dependence. This specification should be used when substance dependence is accompanied by evidence of tolerance

n.a

5.6


Relative risk (adjusted) Tobacco Smoking Norway

males

1 - 4

5 - 9

10 - 14

15 - 19

20 - 24

25 & +

all causes

1.57

1.94

3.36

2.66

3.19

3.42

ischemic heart dis.

2.74

2.47

3.09

3.70

3.75

3.60

all cancer

1.08

1.63

2.05

2.37

2.93

3.41

lung cancer

2.79

11.30

16.73

19.36

31.69

36.22

females

1 - 4

5 - 9

10 - 14

15 - 19

20 - 24

25 & +

all causes

1.47

1.9

2.29

2.97

3.14

2.61

ischemic heart dis.

2.94

3.55

3.78

5.28

4.25

3.53

all cancer

1.14

1.44

1.85

2.22

2.47

2.43

lung cancer

5.03

11.85

17.62

28.83

23.85

31.91

Smoking status by sex and age group in Canada, 2002

Smoking categories

1529 years

3044 years

4559 years

6069 years

7079 years

80+ years

Overall

Current

Female

26.3

24.7

23.0

15.1

10.3

5.9

21.8

Current

Male

31.0

30.7

26.0

17.2

9.87.5

7.5

26.3

Former

Female

26.2

38.3

43.5

45.2

42.7

38.9

37.8

Former

Male

25.8

38.9

53.0

64.2

70.4

73.5

44.6

Never

Female

47.5

36.9

33.4

39.8

47.1

55.2

40.4

Never

Male

43.1

30.4

21.1

18.7

19.7

19.0

29.1

Total per sex


100

100

100

100

100

100

100

Places of use docs

addictmood

tobaccowithdraw

programmeasure

cognitivetherapy