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worldenerg.consump.

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Air Pollution Common Data

Air Pollution

Air pollutant

Effects

Particulates

speeds chemical reactions, obscures viosion, corrodes metals, causes grime on belongings and buildings, aggravates lung illness

Sulfur oxides

causes acute and chronic leaf injury; attacks a wide variety of trees, irritates upper respiratory tract; destroys paint pigments; erodes statuary, corrodes metals ruins hoisery, harms textiles, desintegrate book pages & leather

Hydrocarbons (in solid & gaseous states)

may be cancer producing, retards plant growth, causes abnormal leaf and bud development

carbon monoxide

causes headaches, dizziness and nausea, absorbs into blood, reduce oxygen contents, impairs mental processes

nitrogen monoxides

causes visible leaf damage, irritate eyes and nose, stunts plant growth oxygen content, impairs mental processes

oxidant: ozone

discolors the upper surface of leaves of many crops, trees and shrubs, damages and fades textiles, reduces athletic performance, hastens cracking of rubber, disturbs lung functions, irritates eyes, nose and throat, induces coughing

oxidant: peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN)

discolors the lower leaf surface; irritates eyes disturb lung function

Indoor Outdoors Air Quality Standards (EE.UU)

Dioxid sulphurous

80

0.03

1 year

365

0.14

24h

total particles

75


1 year

260

-

24h

Carbon monooxid




40000

35

1h

oxidant (ozone)




10000

9

8h

Nitrogen dioxid

100

0.05

1 year

235

0.12

1h

Lead

1.5


3 monthes





micro grams/ m3

p.p.m.

duration

micro gams/m3

part/million

duration



long term



short term


Greenhouse gas sectors

of production

Gas Common Diffusive Properties

transport

0.14


Diffusion


Viscosity

Atmospher


solid waste

0.04


air

water20C

H: Henry's coef

parte per millons


agriculture

0.14


(Dx106 m2/s)





deforestation

0.18

chlorin


1.6




energy

0.25

acetone


0.31



industry

0.14

acetic acid



1.06



other

0.13

liquid water



0.89



CO2 Sources (France 2006)

amonia

17

1.8




transport

0.264

dioxid carbon

13.8

1.8

H = 1.07

354

increas. 0.4% /year

manu- facture

0.199

hydro geno

61.1

5.3




agri- culture

0.192

nitrogen

13.6

1.9

H = 60.4

780840


tertiary, resi- dences

0.187

nitrogen oxids




0.5

increase

industry energy

0.133

oxigen

17.9

2.1

H = 30.7

209460


waste treatment

0.025

benzene

7.7


0.6





ethylalcohol

10.2


1.07





methane




1.6

incras. 1 % /year



methyl-alcohol

13.3


0.54





dioxid sulfur

10.3







tiroxid sulfur

9.4







water vapor

21.9



variable


invariants

Atmospheric normal Composition

variables

Factors on Earth Climate Provisioned Effect (positive value is more warming)

nitrogen

0.78

vapor water

0.001-0.05

origin

W / m2

origin

W / m2

oxigen

0.21

carbon dioxide

0.0003500

CO2

1.8

ashes

0.8

argon

0.01

ozone

0.0000001

CH4

0.6

Sun

0.4

neon

0.0000200

other gases

traces

CFC

0.3

reflecting aerosols

- 1.7

others

0.0000100

normal partic.:

traces

NOx

0.3

indirect (clouds)

- 1.0





tropospheric O3

0.4

vegetation cover

- 0.3

Places of use docs

cigaretpoison

healthyhouse

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